The Son Of God Is The Standard Model Of All That Exist.

By Will Myers

The scriptures following reveal from Christianity that science and technology are inclusive of the Son of God, Jesus:

Colossians 1:16-17 (NIV)

16 For in him all things were created: things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or powers or rulers or authorities; all things have been created through him and for him. 17 He is before all things, and in him, all things hold together.

Colossians 1:20 (NIV)

20 and through him to reconcile to himself all things, whether things on earth or things in heaven, by making peace through his blood, shed on the cross.

Christ Jesus is the fulfillment of God’s law and humankind’s laws that are worthy. Jesus has overcome all shortcomings endured by the humanity. Through Him, we become aware of our spiritual state by relating us to God, our Creator. Christ Jesus brought God’s Holy Spirit to the earth.

God gives perfect righteousness giving the perfect order to all things (Uspace). When it comes to the natural laws God has given an equation, UspaceVspace=Q. All scientific equations are based on this form. Mathematics is the language of the sciences.

The “Self” in science seeks to find the design that gives the desired results as established by God and created through His Son, Jesus, but the “Self” is atheistic or agnostic; God has created and took leave or don’t exist, things just happen over eons of time. The secular humanist believes that humans can work themselves into a utopia. The problem is that all of the “Selves” egos shall always collide leading to a devastating war proliferating hell; perfection shall always evade humans without the Holy Spirit of God.

In Christ Jesus, Son of God, are all things. God created all things through His perfect righteousness giving the perfect order to all things (Uspace). We represent this with the God Equation: Uspace times Vspace equal Q. The Vspace being the nexuses of all things. The “Q” is the things that ARE, the results of some nexuses or all nexuses as created by Uspace (a given design or pattern). This is God’s equation: UspaceVspace=Q representing God’s perfect order. The Potentiality exists in all minds.

Romans 1:20 (NIV)

20 For since the creation of the world God’s invisible qualities—his eternal power and divine nature—have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that people are without excuse.

We are blessed by now being in the time that we can have a personal relationship with God through His Son, Jesus. Religions are now becoming liquified unto a better personal understanding of our relationship with our Creator. This doesn’t mean that we abandon the church because it is the bride of Christ and we are commanded to continue to meet in the name of Jesus.

All of the activities of humans are to approach the realization of the saving power of the Son of God and accept Him to be the center and controller of your life. Christ Jesus was sent into the world at a time determined by God when humans had the ability to understand His Living Word. The natural laws are the foundation of creation. In the metaphysical equation Uspace times, Vspace = Q ( the thing that IS) is the basis for all equations of science and technology. God gave us in nature the perfect order; all endeavors of the sciences and technologies are in search of this perfect order as created by God.

Hebrew 1:1-2

God’s Final Word: His Son ] In the past God spoke to our ancestors through the prophets at many times and in various ways, but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed heir of all things, and through whom also he made the universe. 

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ASCENSION TO THE PRESENCE OF GOD

jesus CHRIST  Inspiration

The Spirit is forever with love.

By Will Myers

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The humankind was created by God and placed in the universal cocoon to not only subsist but to develop the understanding of what God desires for us. Science and technology have developed to the degree that the platform to launch into the deep space of the second heaven to discover what God has for us is ready. What God has for us has always been and IS. All of the humankind activity is to convince themselves of what the Word of God has said in the first place and that is to possess God’s Holy Spirit Who gives the Life that satisfies all of the human desires. This is once again being in the presence of God.
This is our ascension scripture:

Matthew 6:33; “But seek first his kingdom and his righteousness, and all these things will be given to you as well.”

When God breathed life into the body and created a living soul God placed His Spirit into the man. The soul is grounded and the spirit of man needs God since the separation caused by the original sin by Adam. The Self led Adam to sin; ever since man has been on a Self journey that is separate from the presence of God with mankind being unable to achieve perfection as required by God.
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The soul of man is grounded in a state of perfect order as created by God. We have a metaphysical nature alone with a spiritual being which is who we really are. In Isaiah, we learn the message that God has established a solid law in nature which establishes His Kingdom.
Therefore thus saith the Lord God, Behold, I lay in Zion (In the essence) for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner stone, a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste.
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In Hebrews, we are told that our intellect is inspired by the Word of God through faith. Our precepts manifest from the inspired Word of God.
Through faith, we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear.
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In Romans alone with Isaiah, we learn that the intellect can learn about our universal cocoon that God created and bring us closer to God with Christ Jesus being our model and the access to God’s Holy Spirit. in Isaiah, we find confirmation prior to the coming of the Christ.
Romans 1:20

20 For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:

Come now, and let us reason together, saith the Lord: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool.
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 In the New Testament as presented by John that the Son Of God was sent by God to destroy the works of the devil, the source of all sin, and give us a new start.
He that committeth sin is of the devil; for the devil sinneth from the beginning. For this purpose, the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil.
We know that we are separated from God due to sin. At any time in our technological development, we can accept the saving power of the Son Of God, Jesus.
The one who does what is sinful is of the devil because the devil has been sinning from the beginning. The reason the Son of God appeared was to destroy the devil’s work.
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Modern science is learning that God’s book of nature (Physics) is perfect and does not conflict with the Word of God, and can help mankind to understand the Word of God. It’s my belief that the second heaven is the Jesus, Son Of God Heaven. Each person can begin their ascent into the heavens with the Son Of God, Jesus, as their spiritual guide. You don’t have to close the door to your scientific intellect when you open the door to the Word of God.
I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.”
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“This, then, is how you should pray:

“‘Our Father in heaven,
hallowed be your name,
10 your kingdom come,
your will be done,
    on earth as it is in heaven.
11 Give us today our daily bread.
12 And forgive us our debts,
    as we also have forgiven our debtors.
13 And lead us not into temptation,[a]
    but deliver us from the evil one.[b]

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Five Ways Historic Christianity Relates Faith to Reason

BY KENNETH R. SAMPLES – SEPTEMBER 19, 201

Many people view faith and reason as being at odds with one another. For example, some differentiate faith from reason by asserting that faith merely involves hoping something is true, whereas reason involves affirming something to be true based upon justifying evidence. According to this model, faith is equivalent to wishful thinking and is thus incompatible with reason. But historic Christianity’s view of faith and reason is very different from this popular stereotypical definition.

In defining the relationship between faith and reason, historic Christianity draws upon both Scripture and sustained logical analysis. Here are five ways that historic Christianity relates faith to reason:

1. Faith’s Definition Involves Reason

In a biblical context, having faith (Greek: the verb, pisteúō, “believe”; the noun, pístis, “faith”) means confident trust in a credible source (God, Christ, or the truth). So the root word for faith in the New Testament is “trust,” but that confidence must be placed in a credible (reasonable and/or reliable) source. Thus, faith’s very definition includes a necessary rational element.

2. Faith Involves Knowledge

In Scripture, faith often involves knowledge. For example, saving faith by necessity includes knowledge, for having faith in Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior involves knowing certain historical facts about his life, death, and resurrection. So in historic Christianity, faith is connected to the rational knowing process.

3. Faith Is Compatible with Reason

The scholarly consensus of historic Christianity (reflected in such influential thinkers as AugustineAnselm, and Aquinas) is that faith should seek understanding. Thus, Christians should be interested in the rational foundations of their faith. And in conjunction, the Christian apologetics enterprise works to show that there are good reasons (facts, evidence, arguments) to believe in the truth claims of Christianity.

4. Faith Can’t Be Fully Comprehended by Reason, but Faith Does No Damage to Reason

Christian believers, as finite creatures, cannot fully fathom (exhaustively understand) the divine mysteries of the Trinity and the Incarnation, but those doctrines can be defined in ways that avoid being logical contradictions. For example, the Triune God’s oneness (essence) is in a different respect from his threeness (personhood), thus avoiding the violation of the law of noncontradiction (a thing, A, cannot equal both A and non-A).

5. God’s Rational Mind Grounds Human Reason

God’s rational mind, evident in the intelligent created order (Greek: nómos, “law”; lógos, “logic”), makes knowledge, reason, and truth possible. And humankind being created in the image of God guarantees that humans have the capacities to reason and discover truth.

So be ready to share these five points the next time a skeptic says faith and reason are incompatible.

ReflectionsYour Turn

Which of the five points made above is the most helpful to you in thinking through the relationship between faith and reason? Visit Reflections on WordPress to comment with your response.

Resources

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DNA Replication Winds Up the Case for Intelligent Design

Source: DNA Replication Winds Up the Case for Intelligent Design

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DNA Replication Winds Up the Case for Intelligent Design

One of my classmates and friends in high school was a kid we nicknamed “Radar.” He was a cool kid who had special needs. He was mentally challenged. He was also funny and as good-hearted as they come, never causing any real problems—other than playing hooky from school, for days on end. Radar hated going to school.

When he eventually showed up, he would be sent to the principal’s office to explain his unexcused absences to Mr. Reynolds. And each time, Radar would offer the same excuse: his grandmother died. But Mr. Reynolds didn’t buy it—for obvious reasons. It didn’t require much investigation on the principal’s part to know that Radar was lying.

Skeptics have something in common with my friend Radar. They use the same tired excuse when presented with compelling evidence for design from biochemistry. Inevitably, they dismiss the case for a Creator by pointing out all the “flawed” designs in biochemical systems. But this excuse never sticks. Upon further investigation, claimed instances of bad designs turn out to be elegant, in virtually every instance, as recent work by scientists from UC Davis illustrates.

These researchers accomplished an important scientific milestone by using single molecule techniques to observe the replication of a single molecule of DNA.1 Their unexpected insights have bearing on how we understand this key biochemical operation. The work also has important implications for the case for biochemical design.

For those familiar with DNA’s structure and replication process, you can skip the next two sections. But for those of you who are not, a little background information is necessary to appreciate the research team’s findings and their relevance to the creation-evolution debate.

DNA’s Structure

DNA consists of two molecular chains (called “polynucleotides”) aligned in an antiparallel fashion. (The two strands are arranged parallel to one another with the starting point of one strand of the polynucleotide duplex located next to the ending point of the other strand and vice versa.) The paired molecular chains twist around each other forming the well-known DNA double helix. The cell’s machinery generates the polynucleotide chains using four different nucleotides: adenosineguanosinecytidine, and thymidine, abbreviated as A, G, C, and T, respectively.

A special relationship exists between the nucleotide sequences of the two DNA strands. Biochemists say the DNA sequences of the two strands are complementary. When the DNA strands align, the adenine (A) side chains of one strand always pair with thymine (T) side chains from the other strand. Likewise, the guanine (G) side chains from one DNA strand always pair with cytosine (C) side chains from the other strand. Biochemists refer to these relationships as “base-pairing rules.” Consequently, if biochemists know the sequence of one DNA strand, they can readily determine the sequence of the other strand. Base-pairing plays a critical role in DNA replication.

Image 1: DNA’s Structure

DNA Replication

Biochemists refer to DNA replication as a “template-directed, semiconservative process.” By “template-directed,” biochemists mean that the nucleotide sequences of the “parent” DNA molecule function as a template, directing the assembly of the DNA strands of the two “daughter” molecules using the base-pairing rules. By “semiconservative,” biochemists mean that after replication, each daughter DNA molecule contains one newly formed DNA strand and one strand from the parent molecule.

Image 2: Semiconservative DNA Replication

Conceptually, template-directed, semiconservative DNA replication entails the separation of the parent DNA double helix into two single strands. By using the base-pairing rules, each strand serves as a template for the cell’s machinery to use when it forms a new DNA strand with a nucleotide sequence complementary to the parent strand. Because each strand of the parent DNA molecule directs the production of a new DNA strand, two daughter molecules result. Each one possesses an original strand from the parent molecule and a newly formed DNA strand produced by a template-directed synthetic process.

DNA replication begins at specific sites along the DNA double helix, called “replication origins.” Typically, prokaryotic cells have only a single origin of replication. More complex eukaryotic cells have multiple origins of replication.

The DNA double helix unwinds locally at the origin of replication to produce what biochemists call a “replication bubble.” During the course of replication, the bubble expands in both directions from the origin. Once the individual strands of the DNA double helix unwind and are exposed within the replication bubble, they are available to direct the production of the daughter strand. The site where the DNA double helix continuously unwinds is called the “replication fork.” Because DNA replication proceeds in both directions away from the origin, there are two replication forks within each bubble.

Image 3: DNA Replication Bubble

DNA replication can only proceed in a single direction, from the top of the DNA strand to the bottom. Because the strands that form the DNA double helix align in an antiparallel fashion with the top of one strand juxtaposed with the bottom of the other strand, only one strand at each replication fork has the proper orientation (bottom-to-top) to direct the assembly of a new strand, in the top-to-bottom direction. For this strand—referred to as the “leading strand”—DNA replication proceeds rapidly and continuously in the direction of the advancing replication fork.

DNA replication cannot proceed along the strand with the top-to-bottom orientation until the replication bubble has expanded enough to expose a sizable stretch of DNA. When this happens, DNA replication moves away from the advancing replication fork. DNA replication can only proceed a short distance for the top-to-bottom-oriented strand before the replication process has to stop and wait for more of the parent DNA strand to be exposed. When a sufficient length of the parent DNA template is exposed a second time, DNA replication can proceed again, but only briefly before it has to stop again and wait for more DNA to be exposed. The process of discontinuous DNA replication takes place repeatedly until the entire strand is replicated. Each time DNA replication starts and stops, a small fragment of DNA is produced.

Biochemists refer to these pieces of DNA (that will eventually compose the daughter strand) as “Okazaki fragments”—after the biochemist who discovered them. Biochemists call the strand produced discontinuously the “lagging strand” because DNA replication for this strand lags behind the more rapidly produced leading strand. One additional point: the leading strand at one replication fork is the lagging strand at the other replication fork since the replication forks at the two ends of the replication bubble advance in opposite directions.

An ensemble of proteins is needed to carry out DNA replication. Once the origin recognition complex (which consists of several different proteins) identifies the replication origin, a protein called “helicase” unwinds the DNA double helix to form the replication fork.

Image 4: DNA Replication Proteins

Once the replication fork is established and stabilized, DNA replication can begin. Before the newly formed daughter strands can be produced, a small RNA primer must be produced. The protein that synthesizes new DNA by reading the parent DNA template strand—DNA polymerase—can’t start production from scratch. It must be primed. A massive protein complex, called the “primosome,” which consists of over 15 different proteins, produces the RNA primer needed by DNA polymerase.

Once primed, DNA polymerase will continuously produce DNA along the leading strand. However, for the lagging strand, DNA polymerase can only generate DNA in spurts to produce Okazaki fragments. Each time DNA polymerase generates an Okazaki fragment, the primosome complex must produce a new RNA primer.

Once DNA replication is completed, the RNA primers are removed from the continuous DNA of the leading strand and from the Okazaki fragments that make up the lagging strand. A protein called a “3’-5’ exonuclease” removes the RNA primers. A different DNA polymerase fills in the gaps created by the removal of the RNA primers. Finally, a protein called a “ligase” connects all the Okazaki fragments together to form a continuous piece of DNA out of the lagging strand.

Are Leading and Lagging Strand Polymerases Coordinated?

Biochemists had long assumed that the activities of the leading and lagging strand DNA polymerase enzymes were coordinated. If not, then DNA replication of one strand would get too far ahead of the other, increasing the likelihood of mutations.

As it turns out, the research team from UC Davis discovered that the activities of the two polymerases are not coordinated. Instead, the leading and lagging strand DNA polymerase enzymes replicate DNA autonomously. To the researchers’ surprise, they learned that the leading strand DNA polymerase replicated DNA in bursts, suddenly stopping and starting. And when it did replicate DNA, the rate of production varied by a factor of ten. On the other hand, the researchers discovered that the rate of DNA replication on the lagging strand depended on the rate of RNA primer formation.

The researchers point out that if not for single molecule techniques—in which replication is characterized for individual DNA molecules—the autonomous behavior of leading and lagging strand DNA polymerases would not have been detected. Up to this point, biochemists have studied the replication process using a relatively large number of DNA molecules. These samples yield average replication rates for leading and lagging strand replication, giving the sense that replication of both strands is coordinated.

According to the researchers, this discovery is a “real paradigm shift, and undermines a great deal of what’s in the textbooks.”Because the DNA polymerase activity is not coordinated but autonomous, they conclude that the DNA replication process is a flawed design, driven by stochastic (random) events. Also, the lack of coordination between the leading and lagging strands means that leading strand replication can get ahead of the lagging strand, yielding long stretches of vulnerable single-stranded DNA.

Diminished Design or Displaced Design?

Even though this latest insight appears to undermine the elegance of the DNA replication process, other observations made by the UC Davis research team indicate that the evidence for design isn’t diminished, just displaced.

These investigators discovered that the activity of helicase—the enzyme that unwinds the double helix at the replication fork—somehow senses the activity of the DNA polymerase on the leading strand. When the DNA polymerase stalls, the activity of the helicase slows down by a factor of five until the DNA polymerase catches up. The researchers believe that another protein (called the “tau protein”) mediates the interaction between the helicase and DNA polymerase molecules. In other words, the interaction between DNA polymerase and the helicase compensates for the stochastic behavior of the leading strand polymerase, pointing to a well-designed process.

As already noted, the research team also learned that the rate of lagging strand replication depends on primer production. They determined that the rate of primer production exceeds the rate of DNA replication on the leading strand. This fortuitous coincidence ensures that as soon as enough of the bubble opens for lagging strand replication to continue, the primase can immediately lay down the RNA primer, restarting the process. It turns out that the rate of primer production is controlled by the primosome concentration in the cell, with primer production increasing as the number of primosome copies increase. The primosome concentration appears to be fine-tuned. If the concentration of this protein complex is too large, the replication process becomes “gummed up”; if too small, the disparity between leading and lagging strand replication becomes too great, exposing single-stranded DNA. Again, the fine-tuning of primosome concentration highlights the design of this cellular operation.

It is remarkable how two people can see things so differently. For scientists influenced by the evolutionary paradigm, the tendency is to dismiss evidence for design and, instead of seeing elegance, become conditioned to see flaws. Though DNA replication takes place in a haphazard manner, other features of the replication process appear to be engineered to compensate for the stochastic behavior of the DNA polymerases and, in the process, elevate the evidence for design.

And, that’s no lie.

Resources

Endnotes

  1. James E. Graham et al., “Independent and Stochastic Action of DNA Polymerases in the Replisome,” Cell 169 (June 2017): 1201–13, doi:10.1016/j.cell.2017.05.041.
  2. Bec Crew, “DNA Replication Has Been Filmed for the First Time, and It’s Not What We Expected,” ScienceAlert, June 19, 2017, https://sciencealert.com/dna-replication-has-been-filmed-for-the-first-time-and-it-s-stranger-than-we-thought.

Subjects: Biochemistry, Design, Fine-Tuning, Intelligent Design, Proteins

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God’s Involvement With Science

By Will Myers

Firstly, I must give honor to God, our Creator, by acknowledging that God created science in the most general sense. Our relationship with God is material based with inspirational words intervening in our lives as in the biblical book of Genesis saying God created heaven and earth. At this time I must acknowledge that I am a follower of Christ Jesus.

Secondly, please bare with me while I explain the God Equation, UspaceVspace=Q in order to construct a reference frame based on God’s perfect righteousness that is alpha and omega for our universe. The Uspace represents God’s perfect righteousness giving the perfect order to all things.  The Vspace represents the nexus of all things. All things are constantly changing; as Aristotle, the Greek Philosopher, says that all things are coming into being and going out of being. The universe is in continual flux. The Q represents the thing that Is whether an invisible law or a material thing. Everything that God does is perfect. The God Equation symbolically represents God’s perfect actions; please do not confuse this with humans engineering or experimental actions.  When human engineering fail God’s laws or principles remain perfect. In Romans 1:20 (KJV) we have:

 “For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse: “

And in the New Living Translation:

For ever since the world was created, people have seen the earth and sky. Through everything God made, they can clearly see his invisible qualities—his eternal power and divine nature. So they have no excuse for not knowing God.
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And God Word Translation:
From the creation of the world, God’s invisible qualities, his eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly observed in what he made. As a result, people have no excuse.
Christ Is Supreme ] Christ is the visible image of the invisible God. He existed before anything was created and is supreme over all creation,
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Our scientist who has provided us with many conveniences while relieving much pain and suffering is loved. Their research usually involves many experiments which are observing the nexuses (Vspace) in an experiment and observing the results (Q). If the scientist gets undesired results then they have not conformed to God’s perfect order (Uspace) for such an experiment. The works of scientist discover the way that God has made a thing to function. Scientist seeks and discovers things that God has anointed beforehand. The secular humanist who has claimed science as their validator of truth is to covet that which is God’s works. The secular humanist state that what is human is the whole world. But their problem is that what is human was designed by God and put on this universal stage which also was designed by God. Our God has determined all truths.  God has preordained all truths. Our wonderful scientist works to discover the patterns by God that give the desired results sought by the scientist.

We can say that scientist experiments with patterns and learns (UspaceVspace) what God has established (Q). Also, the enlightenment has a supernatural lesson in which most ignore. Paul of Romans 1:20 says that one can see the supernatural truths of God by what is made. Since we have the full revelation of God which is in the word of God we have no excuse for being blind to these truths.

The Son Of God, Jesus, is the fulfillment of the law and the revealer of all of God’s truths in this world. Jesus came from above and was 100% divine and 100% human. Jesus worked miracles in nature such as controlling a storm, making wine from water, and killing a nonproductive tree. Jesus is God’s perfect righteousness giving the perfect order to all things if only we would accept Him. Jesus was sent by God from heaven after God had founded (Uspace) creation with perfect order. All things obey God’s laws of this universe perfectly.

The God’s book of nature and His book of life are both perfect. One does not contradict the other but one can support the other. They work in perfect harmony.

Jesus answered and said unto them, This is the work of God, that ye believe on him whom he hath sent.
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But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you.
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Five Ways Christianity Is Reasonable

Is the Christian faith a reasonable religion?

Some believers throughout church history have agreed with many nonbelievers in proclaiming that Christianity is not a reasonable religion. Nevertheless, a powerful theological-philosophical consensus within the history of the faith has argued that the historic Christian religion involves knowledge and is indeed compatible with reason. This historic agreement has often been expressed in the common statement: “faith seeking understanding.” Its most articulate and persuasive spokespersons through the centuries have been such distinguished Christian thinkers as Augustine, Anselm, and Thomas Aquinas.1

Five Aspects of Christianity’s Reasonableness

Since the perception that the Christian faith is not a reasonable religion persists today, it is important to examine five ways that historic Christianity is reasonable.2

First, the Christian worldview offers a plausible explanation for affirming an objective source for knowledge, reason, and rationality. That basis is found in a personal and rational God. Infinitely wise and all-knowing, God created the universe to reflect a coherent order of nomos and logos(Gk., laws and logic), and he also created humankind in his image and endowed with rational capacities to discover that reasonable organization (Genesis 1:26–28). God, in effect, networked the comprehensible cosmos and rationally capable human beings together with himself to allow for a congruence of intelligibility. Thus, in Christianity, the rationality of the universe has a reliable metaphysical ground.

Second, Christian truth claims do not violate the basic laws or principles of reason. Christian faith, though it often transcends finite human comprehension, is not irrational or absurd. In other words, faith does not damage reason. Moreover, when skeptics have challenged the logical coherence of biblical teachings, Christian thinkers through the centuries have offered viable models for showing these ideas to be mysterious, but not actually incoherent.

Third, the Bible encourages the attainment of knowledge, wisdom, and understanding (Job 28:28; Psalm 111:10; Proverbs 1:7). Scripture also promotes such intellectual virtues as source-checking, discernment, testing, reflection, and intellectual renewal (Acts 17:11; 1 Corinthians 14:29; Romans 12:2; Colossians 2:8; 1 Thessalonians 5:21).

Fourth, the truths of the Christian faith correspond to and are supported by such things as evidence, facts, and reason. Biblical faith (Greek: pisteuō, the verb “believe”; pistis, the noun “faith”) can be defined as confident trust in a reasonable and reliable source (God or Christ). Faith (or belief) is a necessary component of knowledge because a person must believe something in order to know anything (in other words, knowledge means believing what is true with proper justification). And reason can be applied to evaluate, confirm, and buttress faith.

Fifth, historic Christianity has made great contributions in the rational fields of logic and science. Let’s consider both very briefly.

Christianity & Logic: Many of the advancements in the study of logic through the centuries have come from the work of Christian-oriented scholars. In his fine logic textbook, A Concise Introduction to Logic, contemporary logician Patrick Hurley lists ten “eminent logicians,” six of which have deep connections to historic Christianity. These Christian-oriented scholars are Peter Abelard, William of Ockham, Gottfried Leibniz, George Boole, John Venn, and Kurt Gödel.

Christianity & Science: The intellectual climate that gave rise to modern science (roughly three centuries ago) was shaped decisively by Christianity.3 Not only were most of its founding fathers themselves devout Christians (including Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo, Newton, Boyle, Pascal, etc.), but the biblical worldview provided a basis for modern science to both emerge and flourish. Christian theism affirmed that an infinite, eternal, and personal God created the world ex nihilo. The creation, reflecting the rational nature of the Creator, was therefore orderly and uniform. Furthermore, God created humankind in his image (Genesis 1:26–28), making humans uniquely capable of reasoning and of discovering the created order’s intelligibility. In effect, the Christian worldview supported the underlying principles that made scientific inquiry possible and desirable.

Reason & Faith

In historic Christianity reason and faith, therefore, function in a complementary fashion. While reason in and of itself, apart from God’s special grace, cannot cause faith—the use of reason is normally a part of a person’s coming to faith and supports faith in innumerable ways. In summary, faith is foundational to reason (believing in order to know), while reason supports faith.

In the New Testament, descriptions of faith always focus on an object. And the trustworthy object of a person’s faith is God or the Lord Jesus Christ. Even the very faith that results in salvation involves knowledge (facts surrounding the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ) and discursive reasoning (as to what those facts really mean). Saving faith then includes knowledge of the gospel, assent to its truth, and confident reliance on the Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. It incorporates a human being’s full faculties—mind (knowledge), will (assent), and heart (trust).

So next time someone tells you that Christianity is not a reasonable religion, share these five powerful ways that the faith is indeed reasonable.

Endnotes

1. For a discussion of Augustine and Anselm’s expression of “faith seeking understanding” (Latin: fides quaerens intellectum) see Ed L. Miller, God and Reason, 2nd ed. (Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall), 134–37.

2. This article is expanded from a section I wrote in my book A World of Difference (Grand Rapids: Baker, 2007), 82–83.

3.  See Stanley Jaki, Science and Creation: From Eternal Cycles to an Oscillating Universe (Scottish Academic Press, 1974); R. Hooykaas, Religion and the Rise of Modern Science (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1972); and Eric V. Snow, “Christianity: A Cause of Modern Science?” last updated August 4, 1998, http://www.geocities.com.

Subjects: Faith, Faith & Reason, History of Christianity, Science & Faith, Uncategorized

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